Prior to the ALUR law, passed in March 2014, individuals sharing an apartment or a house had no specific status. This left them in a difficult situation, for example, if one of the sharers wished to move out of the shared property. In the French Riviera, where the rental market is saturated, shared housing has been developed as a possible solution, and one which is not reserved only for the younger population. The ALUR law clarifies the legal status of shared housing and fixes specific rules applicable to shared rental contracts drawn up from this date.
What is shared housing?
Shared housing is defined by the new Article 8-1 of the Act of 6th July 1989 as “the rental by several tenants of the same property, which constitutes their main residence and which is formalised by a single contract or by several contracts between the tenants and the landlord”. This means that:
- there is shared housing when there are several tenants ( at least two) whatever the relation between them.
- the rules of shared housing apply to both furnished and unfurnished rented accommodation.
- a single rental contract may be drawn up which includes all the tenants, or there may be one contract per tenant.
Note that spouses or civil partners at the time that the initial lease was drawn up are excluded from this status by the economic opportunity law, known as the Macron law.
N.B. Each tenant may be eligible for housing allowance for his/her part of the rent due.